- Volume 32B Issue 1
In many continuous speech recognition systems, phoneme is used as a basic recognition unit However, the coarticulation generated among neighboring phonemes makes difficult to recognize phonemes consistently. This paper proposes allophone as an alternative recognition unit. We have classified each phoneme into three different allophone groups by the location of phoneme within a syllable. For a recognition algorithm, time-delay neural network(TDNN) has been designed. To recognize all Korean allophones, TDNNs are constructed in modular fashion according to acoustic-phonetic features (e.g. voiced/unvoiced, the location of phoneme within a word). Each TDNN is trained independently, and then they are integrated hierarchically into a whole speech recognition system. In this study, we have experimented Korean plosives with phoneme-based recognition system and allophone-based recognition system. Experimental results show that allophone-based recognition is much less affected by the coarticulation.