A study on the atmospheric response to a SST anomaly over the Equatorial Eastern Pacific Ocean with the horizontally fine resolution AGCM

수평조밀격자 GCM을 이용한 적도 태평양상의 SST anomaly에 대한 대기 반응 연구

  • Moon, Sung-Eui (Depatrment of Atomsheric Sciences, Pusan National University) ;
  • Ahn, Joong-Bae (Depatrment of Atomsheric Sciences, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Yoo-Keun (Depatrment of Atomsheric Sciences, Pusan National University)
  • Published : 1995.12.01

Abstract

The atmospheric responses to a Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly(SSTA) over the equatorial eastern Pacific Ocean have been investigated using the horizontally fine resolution model based on OSU 2-layer Atmospheric General Circulation Model(AGCM). The SSTAS daring the peak phase of 1982-83 El Nino have been applied to the model as the boundary conditions of the experiment. The model simulates the eastward movement of the rising branch of the Walker circulation. That is, the major features associated with the El Nino such as the increase of the precipitation rate over the center of the Pacific and decrease over the Indonesia, and the 500hPa geopotential height anomaly in the middle latitude are properly describes in the fine resolution model experiment. The model results indicate that this horizontally fine resolution UM can successfully simulate the ENSO anomalies and be more effectivelly used for the study of the climate and the climate changes.

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