Effect of salicylic acid and its analogues on stomatal closing in Commelina communis L.

닭의장풀의 기공닫힘에 미치는 살리실릭산과 그 유사물의 효과

  • 이준상 (상지대학교 이공대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1995.10.01


ABA and SA showed different effect on stomatal closing on same condition. The addition of 1 M salicylic acid to fully opened stomata resulted in a significant reductionn of 22 % in stomatal aperture. However, 1 mM ABA reduced 73 % of stomatal aperture. The light absorption spectra of the salicylic acid solution showed that SA was degraded within 1 hour. Therefore, SA solution was resupplied % the detached epidermis every 30 min. during incubation and it was found that even at 10 $\mu$M SA induced stomatal closing significantly. Its effect was also greatly pH dependent. The reduction of stomatal aperture caused by 1 mM SA was most effective at lower pH (pH 7.2, 5 %: pH 6.2, 40 %; pH 5.2, 78 %). Therefore, if SA was properly treated to the epidermal strips in the medium, the effects of SA on stomatal closing were similar with those of ABA.


  1. Plant Physiol. v.51 Influence of phenolic acids on ion uptake: Ⅰ. Inhibition of phosphate uptake Glass,A.D.M.
  2. Physiol. Plant. v.43 The antitranspirant effect of acetylsalicylic acid on Phaseouls vulgaris Larque-Saavedra,A.
  3. Z. Pfanzenphysiol. Bd. v.93 Stomatal closure in response to acetylsalicylic acid treatment Larque-Saavedra,A.
  4. Plant Physiol. v.68 Characterization of the inhibition of K$K^ +$ absorption in oat roots by salicylic acid Harper,J.R.;N.E.Balke
  5. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. v.43 Role of salicylic acid in plants Raskin,I.
  6. Nature(London) v.343 Abscisic acid induced elevation of cytoplasmic calcium precedes stomatal closure in Commelina communis McAinsh,M.R.;C.Brownlee;A.M.Hetherington
  7. J. Exp. Bot. v.37 Reversal of ABA-induced stomatal closure by phenolic compounds Ral,V.K.;S.S.Sharma;S.Sharma
  8. Physiol. Plant. v.67 Salicylate-collapsed membrane potential in pea stem mitochondria Macri,F.;A.Vianello;S.Pennazio
  9. J. Chem. Ecology v.18 Effects of salicylic acid on growth and stomatal movements of Vicia faba L.: Evidence for salicylic acid metabolization Manthe,B.;M.Schulz;H.Schnable
  10. Methods in stomatal research Weyers,J.D.B.;H.Meidner
  11. Planta v.119 A study of potassium gradients in the epidermis of intact leaves of Commelina communis L. in reaction to stomatal opening Penny,M.G.;D.J.F.Bowling
  12. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen. v.181 Effect of salicylic acid and tannic acid on stomatal aperture and some enzyme changes in isolated epidermal peelings of Euphorbia hirta L. Bhatia,D.S.;V.Jindal;C.P.Malke
  13. J. Exp. Bot. v.43 Effect of the mesophyll on stomatal opening in Commelina communis Lee,J.S.;D.J.F.Bowling
  14. The Plant J. v.2 Salicylic acid and plant disease resistance Malamy,J.;D.F.Klessig