Studies on the Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines) in China

  • Liu, Wei-Zhi (Shenyang Agricultural University) ;
  • Liu, Ye (Shenyang Agricultural University) ;
  • Duan, Yu-Xi (Department of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University) ;
  • Hong, Quan-Chun (Shenyang Agricultural University) ;
  • Wang, Ke-Ning (Graduate Students, Shenyang Agricultural University)
  • Published : 1995.06.01

Abstract

Soybean has been cultivated in China for 5,000 years. The soybean cyst neamtode (SCN), Heterodra glycines, was recongnized in Northeastern China in 1899. Currently, it is known to occur in 12 provinces. The biology of SCN was investigated in several provinces. Six races of SCN were identified (race 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7). About f10,000 soybean germplasm lines were evaluated for their resistance to race 1, 3, 4 and 5 of SCN. At least two black-seeded cultivars are resistant to all four races. Several tolerant soybean cultivars with yellow seed coat were released and are in production. Additional resistant cultivars are being developed. Nematicides were not applied in production Potential biocontrol agents and related aspects are being investigated.