Effect of Gooking on Water Insoluble Dietary Fiber in Vegetables

조리방법에 따른 채소의 불용성 식이섬유 함량 변화에 관한 연구

  • 계수경 (경민전문대학 식품영양과)
  • Published : 1995.06.01


Recently, interests of dietary fiber associated with critical physiological effects have been rising in Korea physiological effect in the body. In the present study, the contents of fiber components in 15 kinds of vegetables being consumed commonly in Korea were investigated, and the effects of various treatments (cooking and Kimchi fermentation) on fiber were studied. The results are summarized as follows. Fiber contents of vegetables were 11.8∼31.9% of neutral detergent fiber(NDF), total insoluble dietary fiber, 10.9∼25.4% of acid detergent fiber(ADF), 8.8∼23.8% of cellulose, 0.6∼10.6% of hemicellulose and 1.0∼5.2% of lignin, on dry weight basis. Especially, peppers had higher contents of NDF than the other vegetables. In the vegetables used in the present study, it was found that a great portion of NDF, total insoluble dietary fiber, was composed of cellulose because cellulose covered 63% of NDF. 'Cooking increased the NDF, ADF and cellulose contents, and most change was due to the change of cellulose. The values of hemicellulose and lignin showed an Irregular pattern upon cooking. Fermentation slightly increased NDF, ADF and cellulose, while hemicellulose and lignin showed irregular pattern.