Changes in Contents and Composition of Insoluble Dietary Fiber during Buckwheat Germination

메밀 발아 중 불용성 식이섬유 함량과 조성의 변화

  • 이명헌 (한림대학교 한국영양연구소) ;
  • 우순자 (고려대학교 식품공학과, 경희대학교 식품가공학과, 한림전문대학 식품영양과)
  • Published : 1995.03.01


To provide the basic information of buckwheat insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) and efficient material for the buckwheat processed foodstuffs, buckwheat (Fagopyrum egculentum Moench) was germinated at 1$0^{\circ}C$ for 7 days and the contents and composition of the insoluble dietary fiber were examined at 24 hour intervals. The NDF and ADF contents in ungerminated seeds were 20.27%, 18.95% on dry weight basis, respectively. During the germination period, the NDF and ADF contents increased gradually. The cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin contents in ungerminated seeds were 11.10%, 1.32% and 7.85%, respectively. During the germination period, the cellulose and lignin contents increased. However, there was no significant change in the hemicellulose contents. The composition of cellulose and hemicellulose in the NDF decreased with germination time, whereas that of lignin increased. The IDF contents obtained by Prosky method were higher than the NDF contents obtained by Van Soest method. However, the IDF and NDF contents were closely correlated(r=0.9785, p<0.01). The cellulose(Xl), hemicellulose(X2), lignin(X3) and soluble dietary fiber (SDF) (BL) showed the significant regression equation(p<0.001) with the root length(Y). The multiple regression equation was Y = -12.1306 + 0.9213xl - 0.1615$\times$2 + 0.1071$\times$3 + 0.7397$\times$4 and R2(coefficient of determination) was 0.942.