Relationships between Invertebrate Availability and the Abundance of Three Species of Shrews and the Shrew-mole in Managed Forests

산림 내에서 곤충의 현존도와 식충목 4 종의 풍부도간의 상관 관계

  • Lee, Sang Don (Wildlife Science Group, Dvivision of Ecosystem Sciences and Conservation, Collage of Forest Resources, AR-IO, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA)
  • Published : 1995.08.01

Abstract

The abundance of coarse woody debris (CWD) has been hypothesized to increase niche for forest dwelling insectivores, concentration of nutrients, and the diversity of invertebrates. However, no abjective assessment based on replication in the field has yet been done. this study was carried out to test the relationships between invertebrate availability and the abundance of four insectivores (Sorex trowbridgii, S. vagrans, S. monticolus and Neurotrichus gibbsii) in western Washington, USA. Pitfall traps were used to determine abundance and diversity of invertebrates. Abundance of insectivores was not different between habitats except for S. vagrans which was more abundant in habitats with low amounts of CWD than in habitats with high amounts of CWD. Simpson’s diversity index computed for invertebrates did not differ between habitats. There were no significant relationships between the diversity indices of invertebrates and the abundance of shrews. Shrew abundance and the Coleoperan beetles also did not show any significant relationship. The results suggested insectivores might select a wide range of prey items in addition to surface-active invertebrates.