Chemical Modification of Serratia marcescens Acetolactate Synthase with Cys, Trp, and Arg Modifying Reagents

  • Choi, Ho-Il (Department of Biochemistry, College of Science and Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Soung-Soo (Department of Biochemistry, College of Science and Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University)
  • Received : 0
  • Accepted : 0
  • Published : 0

Abstract

Acetolactate synthase purified from Serratia marcescens ATCC 25419 was rapidly inactivated by the thiol specific reagent p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB), the tryptophan specific reagent N-bromosuccinimide (NBS), and the arginine modifying reagent phenylglyoxal (PGO). Inactivation by PCMB was prevented by both ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate and pyruvate, and the second order rate constant for the inactivation was $2480\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$. The reaction order with respect to PCMB was 0.94. The inactivation of the enzyme by NBS was also substantially reduced by both ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate and pyruvate. The second order rate constant for inactivation by NBS was $15,000\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$, and the reaction order was 2.0. On the other hand, inactivation by PGO was partially prevented by ${\alpha}$-ketobutyrate, but not by pyruvate. The second order rate constant for the inactivation was $1480\;M^{-1}{\cdot}min^{-1}$ and the order of reaction with respect to PGO was 0.75. These results suggest that essential cysteine, tryptophan and arginine are located at or near the substrate binding site.

Keywords

Chemical modification;Serratia;Acetolactate Synthase