Characteristics of Water Soluble Fractions of Wheat Bran Treated with Various Thermal Processes

열처리 밀기울의 수용성 분획의 특징

  • Published : 1995.12.31

Abstract

Water soluble fractions (WSF) of wheat bran treated with thermal processes such as autoclaving, microwaving and extrusion were characterized to investigate the structural response of plant cell wall to thermal and mechanical energy. From the chemical analysis and gel filtration chromatography of WSF, gelatinization of starch was found to be the primary solubilizing mechanism of wheat bran, followed by the structural disintegration of fibrous non-starch cell wall materials. It was also found that extrusion process resulted in degrading relatively higher molecular weight non-starch polysaccharides from the cell wall. GC analysis of water soluble non-starch polysaccharides indicates that the arabinoxylan residues of cell wall are the most susceptible site to thermal treatments studied. In particular, the degrading degree of cell wall of wheat bran is the most significant for extrusion accompanying both high temperature and high shear.