- Volume 20 Issue 3
UV irradiation causes a variety of biologic effects on the skin. These effects can be devided to acute reactuons and chronic reacxtions by duration of UV irradiation. Acute reactions are erythema reaction, pigment reactions and changes in epidermal thickness. Among them erythema reaction is most common and conspicuous acute effects of the skin. Upon exposure to sun or artificial UV soures, a faint redness response of skin may begin. Larger exposure causes sunburn reaction which is exaggerated erythema reactionassociated with pain, swelling, vesicle and dulla. Extent and time course of erythema reaction depend upon several factors including wavelength and dose of UVR, skin conditions likeas skin type, site, color, temperature, humidity and environmental factors. Evaluation of erythema erythema induced by UV irradiation is difficult to quantify. Degree of redness of skin are usually estimated by subjective visual evaluation. The lowest exposure dose required to protuce erythema is called minimal erythema dose (mod). Repeated exposures of UVR result in photaging skin. In this condition we can see wrinkling, skin atrophy, dilated blood vessels and keratoses. In sensitive persons photocarcinogenesis is can Be developed on exposed area of skin. Recently skin canser is increasing now in our country. An effective public education and photopreventive method must be developed.