Synthesis of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 by Coprecipitation

공침법에 의한 Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 합성

  • Hwang, Jai Suk (Dept. of Environmental Management, Shinhung Junior College) ;
  • Lee, Chul Tae (Dept. of Chem. Eng., College of Eng., Dan Kook Univ.)
  • 황재석 (신흥전문대학 환경관리과) ;
  • 이철태 (단국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Received : 1994.06.16
  • Accepted : 1994.08.07
  • Published : 1994.10.01


$Pb(NO_3)_2$, $Mg(NO_3)_2$ and $NbCl_5$ were used as starting materials and made into solutions. For $Pb(Mg_{1/3}Nb_{2/3})O_3$ composition, each solution measured was mixed and heated to $70^{\circ}C$ to resolved $PbCl_2$ precipitated at lower temperature coprecipitates were formed by adding oxine and ammonia gas under pH ranging 8 to 10, and the prepared coprecipitates were filtered and washed by distilled water. The $Pb(Mg_{1/3}Nb_{2/3})O_3$ powders were synthesized by calcination of coprecipitates at the temperature range of $700^{\circ}C$ to $1000^{\circ}C$, for 5hr. The average particle size of the synthesized powders showing spherical shape was $0.3{{\mu}m}$. The powders were formed to make pellets under pressure of $2000Kg/cm^2$, and the formed pellets were sintered at the temperature range of 1100 to $1200^{\circ}C$, for 5hr. The speciman sintered at $1200^{\circ}C$ showed theoretical density of 97.4%, dielectric constatnt of 17000 at 1kHz, and dielectric loss of 0.02% at 1kHz