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METHODS TO IMPROVE UTILIZATION OF RICE STRAW II. EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FEEDING ON INTAKE AND DIGESTIBILITY OF UNTREATED AND UREA AMMONIA TREATED RICE STRAW

  • Badurdeen, A.L. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya) ;
  • Ibrahim, M.N.M. (Department of Tropical Animal Production, Agricultural University) ;
  • Schiere, J.B. (Department of Tropical Animal Production, Agricultural University)
  • Received : 1993.07.26
  • Accepted : 1993.11.15
  • Published : 1994.06.01

Abstract

Forty cross bred ($168\;{\pm}\;28\;kg$) bull calves were offered either untreated (US) or urea ammonia treated (TS) rice straw at five levels of feeding, namely; 60, 80, 100, 120 140% of ad libitum. Ad libitum level for each animal was estimated over a period of one month, which was followed by a preliminary period of 21 days and a collection period of 15 days. The maximum organic matter intake (OMI-kg/100 kg BW) were 2.08 and 3.35 for US and TS, respectively and urea treatment increased the maximum OMI by 61% than for US. In order to reach maximum intake the amount feed refusal should be 25% for US, but with TS maximum intake was not reached even when the amount of feed refused was 39% of that consumed. The OMD of US significantly decreased with increase in OMI, whereas with TS the decrease was not significant. The inability of animals to select between stems and leaves particularly in TS might be one of the reasons for its constant digestibility. Considering the substantial increases in intake and the negative effect on digestibility of US, further trials are warranted, as well as studies to determine the practical implications.

Keywords

Rice Straw;Urea Treatment;Feeding Level;Intake;Digestibility