Chemical Composition of Precipitation in Suwon Area and Its Effect on Crop Development

수원지역(水原地域) 강우(降雨)의 성분조성(成分組成)과 작물(作物)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • 이종식 (농촌진흥청 농업기술연구소) ;
  • 김복영 (농촌진흥청 농업기술연구소) ;
  • 우기대 (농촌진흥청 농업기술연구소)
  • Published : 1994.04.30


This study was carried out to investigate the possibility of potential injury to crops which were exposed to precipitation. The rainwater were collected from May to September in 1992 and analyzed its chemical composition. The amounts of chlorophyll and cations in plant were measured, and the morphological structure of epidermis was also investigated by SEM. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The pH of precipitation in Suwon was relatively high even with high level of $SO_4^{2-}$ and monthly pH at May, June, July, August, and September were 4.65, 5.47, 5.32, 5.44 and 4.80, respectively. 2. The amount of ions in rainwater was in the order of $NH_4^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$ and $H^+$ for cations, and $SO_4^{2-}$, $NO_3^-$ and $Cl^-$ for anions. 3. pH of rain in less than 5mm of precipitation was higher than that in greater than 5mm of precipitation. 4. The amount of chlorophyll was higher in the plant exposed to rain than that in plant intercepted rain during the early portion of growing season, but at the later period, the trend was shown to be reversed. 5. When the sesame plants were exposed to rain at harvesting stage, they contained less amount of CaO, MgO and $Na_2O$ than those with the interception of rain. 6. Scanning electron microphotographs revealed the shringkage in glandular trichomes in the epidermis of sesame leaves when they were exposed to rain.