Studies on Pollutant Concentrations in Ground Water and Their Behavior in Soils , Cheju Island. I. Changes in Nitrate-nitrogen Concentration in Ground-water near Hotel complexes and Business district During the Period form 1987 to 1992

제주도 지하수중 오염물질의 농도와 토양중 그의 행동에 관한 연구 1. 호텔 및 상가주변에서의 지하수중 $NO_3-N$의 농도 변화 (1987-1992)

  • Hyun, Hae-Nam (Dept. Agric. Chem., Coll. of Agric., Cheju Nat'l Univ.) ;
  • Oh, Sang-Sil (Prov. Gov't Inst. of Health and Environ.) ;
  • Koh, Seung-Hak (Dept. Agric. Chem., Coll. of Agric., Cheju Nat'l Univ.)
  • 현해남 (제주대학교 농과대학 농화학과) ;
  • 오상실 (제주도 보건환경연구원) ;
  • 고승학 (제주대학교 농과대학 농화학과)
  • Published : 1994.04.30


This study was conducted to investigate the degree of ground water pollution used for drinking water in Cheju Island. Samples were collected monthly from 31 wells of 10 divided areas and were analyzed for $NO_3-N$, pH, $SO_4$, Cl and hardness from 1987 to 1992. $NO_3-N$ concentrations in the samples, with the exception of sample No.23, did not exceed the standard concentration of drinking-water(10mg/l). $NO_3-N$ concentrations at area 10, unpolluted area, ranged from <1.0 mg/l to just over 1.2 mg/l. However, samples from the business district of the area 8 showed the concentrations ranging from 5 mg/l in 1987 to 8.l mg/l in 1992 with a mean of 6.8 mg/l, about 5 times higher than those from the area 10. $NO_3-N$ concentration in sample No. 23 increased from 4 mg/l in 1987 to 12.6 mg/l in 1991. Average rate of increase in $NO_3-N$ in samples of No. 1, 2, 4, and 8 at area 8 was about 1.2mg/l per year in the study period. The ground water at area 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 showed in the range of pH 7 to 8.1, being similar to area 10. However, pH at area 8 was in the range of 6.6 to 7.3, being lower than that in the other areas. Hardness at area 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were in the range of 30 to 80 mg/l, being higher than that at area 10. Those at area 8 were the highest among all the other areas tested. The results of this study suggest that $NO_3-N$ contamination in ground water could be a problem at hotel complexes and business district in Cheju Island.