Variation of Copper Content in Paddy Soil and Rice from Mangyeong River Area

만경강 유역의 논토양과 수도체중 Cu 함량의 변화

  • Published : 1994.04.30


To investigate differences with the polluted sources on Cu contents in soils and paddy rices under water pollutions, soils with the distance, the surface(0-15㎝ depth) and subsurface(15-30㎝ depth) in 1982 and 1990, and rice plants at the soil sampling sites in 1990 were separately sample at Mangyeong River area under the influence of municipal and industrial waste water from Jeonju city. Soil samples were extracted with $4M-HNO_3$ and plant samples were digested with mixture of $HNO_3$ and $HClO_4$ for analyzing Cu, Cd, Zn, Pb by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Cu contents in soils ranged from 5.20 to 71.70 mg $kg^{-1}$. Average Cu level in 1990 was higher than that in 1982. Variation of Cu content with the distances from the source of waste water in 1990 was more regularly decreased than that in 1982. A significant correlation was observed between Cu contents in leaf sheath of rice plant and Cu, Zn and Pb contents in soils. Cu contents in soil was correlated with Zn and Pb in soil at area affected by waste water, regardless of years and soil depths. Cu contents in brown rice ranged from 0.4 to 10 mg $kg^{-1}$, and it was the lowest in parts of rice plant, and Cu content in panicle axis was 2.3 times higher than that in brown rice.