Effect of Ammonium Thiosulfate on Biological Activity in a Paddy Soil

Ammonium Thisoulfate 처리가 담수(湛水) 답토양(畓土壤)의 생물활성(生物活性)에 미치는 영향

  • Lim, Sun-Uk (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Seo, Young-Ho (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University)
  • 임선욱 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학) ;
  • 서영호 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학)
  • Published : 1994.03.31

Abstract

The objective of this research was to examine the effect of ammonium thiosulfate(ATS) on urease activity and on biological and chemical properties of flooded paddy soil especially having high organic matter content by comparing with the effect of sodium thiosulfate(STS). The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. The hydrolysis of urea was inhibited at 3 and 5 days after treatment of thiosulfate(ATS and STS) +glucose and thiosulfate only, respectively. The inhibitory effect of ATS on urea hydrolysis was slightly lower than that of STS in glusoce-added soils, but when the glucose was not added, the effects of ATS and STS were not different significantly. 2. The soil pH and Eh was lowered by 0.3~0.5 units and 30~120 mV, respectively, when incubated flooded soil with ATS and glucose at $25^{\circ}C$. 3. Soil respiration rate in/flooded soil was increased by 10~70% with the treatment of ATS during the 20 day experimental period. 4. The contents of acetic and butyric acid in thiosulfate treatment soil was below $10{\mu}g/g$, which was lower than that($220.3{\mu}g/g$) of critical growth inhibition of rice.

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