Effect of Soil Characteristics and Fertilizers Application on Fresh Root Yield of Aralia continentalis K. -I. Survey on Cultivation Methods and Soil Characteristics in the Main Producting Districts

독활(獨活) (Aralia continentalis K.)주산지(主産地) 토양특성(土壤特性)과 시비양분(施肥養分)이 근경수량(根莖收量)에 미치는 영향(影響) -I. 재배법(栽培法) 실태(實態) 및 토양특성(土壤特性) 조사(調査)

  • Published : 1994.03.31

Abstract

These studies were Conducted to survey cultivation methods, and to analyze soil chemical properties for stable production of Aralia continentalis K., a promising medicinal crop, in the main producting districts. Aralia continentalis K. was cultivated with planting budstocks in distances of $90cm{\times}60cm$ for 3~4 years in the same field, and application rates were N 10~31 kg/10a and P, K 8~17/10a using inorganic fertilizer, that is compound fertilizer(21-17-17) for basal dressings and urea for topdressings. Most of all, the soil surveyed was coarse loamy class which was well drained and soil depth is 50~150cm in the valleys. Soil pH was low, and content of organic matters and av. $P_2O_5$ was abundant but that of exchangeable cation such as Ca, Mg, K was deficient. The relationship between growth characteristics and weight of fresh root was positive correlation in the order of No. of root, stem width, No. of node and branch, plant height and root width. On the path coefficiant analysis, the relationship between content of soil K, Ca and root yield was more apparent than other chemical properties.

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