Behavior of NO3-N and Accompanying Cations Derived from Urea Under Upland Condition -II. Change in the pHs of Soil and Leachate and Fate of Applied Nitrogen

요소유래(尿素由來) NO3-N 및 동반(同伴) 양(陽)이온의 토양(土壤)중 행동(行動) -II. 토양(土壤)과 용탈수(溶脫水)의 pH 변화(變化) 및 시용질소(施用窒素)의 행방(行方)

  • 윤순강 (농업기술연구소 농화학과) ;
  • 류순호 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학)
  • Published : 1994.03.31


Lysimeter experiments were carried out to study the vertical distribution of inorganic nitrogen, the changes in pHs of soil and leachate and the fate of applied nitrogen with or without grass. The concentration of $NO_3-N$ of surface soil(0~20cm) at the rates of 0, 7, 14 and 21kg N/10a ranged from 4 to 13mg/kg, while those of subsurface soi1(20-40cm) were below 10mg/kg at 0, 7 and 14kg N/10a and subsequently increased to 83.8mg/kg at 35kg N/10a. The concentration of $NH_4{^+}-N$ was positively correlated with that of $NO_3-N$ for surface soil(>0.05). However, the concentration of $NH_4{^+}-N$ was negatively correlated with that of $NO_3-N$ for subsurface soil. A positive correlation was observed between $NO_3-N$ and extractable cations of soils. The pH of subsurface soil decreased with the $NO_3-N$ concentration and the N application rate, while that of leachate inereased with the N application rate. The pH differences between subsurface soil and leachate were 2.5 for bare soil and 3.1 for 35kg N/10a. Higher N application rate caused more soil N accumulation and the gas loss and resulted in a larger difference between N uptake by grass and the applied N.