Effect of Chip Breaker Shape and Cutting Condition on the Chip Breaking and Surface Roughness

칩브레이커의 형상과 절삭조건이 칩 절단과 표면거칠기에 미치는 영향

  • 나기철 ;
  • 태순호 ;
  • 이병곤
  • Published : 1994.12.01

Abstract

Chip breaking is important in lathe work for maintaining good surface of the products and safety of operator. The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of chip breaking and chip shape resulted from the carbide inserts with grooved type and obstruction type chip breaker. Experiments have been performed under the following cutting conditions, (1) constant cutting speed with variable depth of cut and feed rate, (2) constant depth of cut with variable cutting speed and feed rate. Also, the flying distance of chip and it's distribution have been investigated. As a results, good performance of chip breaking can be obtained for small radius of curvature and land width of grooved type chip breaker. And the thickness of chip increase with the increase of feed rate and decrease of cutting speed, and the chip breaking becomes easier with the increase of chip thickness due to the large deformation rate. Obstraction type chip breaker shows better performance of surface roughness than the grooved type. The flying distance of the chips over 90% are less than 1 meter, and the distance decreases as the feed rate decreases.

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