- Volume 18 Issue 2
This study was conducted to examine the condition of activation of the nuclear transplant bovine embryos. In vitro fertilized(IVF) and nuclear transplant embryos(NTs) were co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial tissue(BOET). NTs were treated with cycloheximide(CHXM) for 0 to 6 h after electrofusion to investigate the activation conditin of recipient ooplast. Then, the infljence of the CHXM treatment timing on the cleavage and development of NTs were investigated in relation to the nuclear transplant time. The cleavage rates of NTs were increased with the increasing time of the CHXM treatment from 0 to 6 h (54.7 to 91.3%, P<0.01). Similar trend was shown in the development into the morula or blastocyst stage, but very limitted. Activation of enucleated oocytes prior to fusion enhanced development of NTs compared with that post fustion. This result suggests that the frequency of activation of NTs can be greatly enhanced by treating with CHXM for 6 h. The result also suggests that if blastomeres of unknown cell cycle stage are used, activation of enucleated oocytes prior to fusion enhances development of NTs.