THE RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE RESPONSE TO THE CHINCAP THERAPY IN SKELETAL CLASS III CHILDREN

골격성 III급 부정교합환자의 이모장치에 대한 반응성 및 치료효과에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Byoung-Ho (Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yang, Won-Sik (Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
  • 김병호 (서울대학교 치과대학 교정학교실) ;
  • 양원식 (서울대학교 치과대학 교정학교실)
  • Published : 1994.12.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the initial skeletal pattern and growth change of whom had responsed well to chincap therapy. 93 patients seleted for this study were in mixed dentition and treated with chincap for more than 2 years. And 54 subjects were selected from these total samples and classified into two groups by the improvement of four measurements : ANB difference, APDI, Wits appraisal, and AF-BF. One was good response group which consisted of 26 children and the other was poor response group with 19 patients. Various measures of the craniofacial structure in the initial lateral cephalograms and the annual increments were calculated and analyzed by comparing two groups with t-test. The results were as follows : 1. Good response group had more horizontal growth pattern in initial stage of treatment than poor response group, and the contributing factors of this result were anterior posterior facial height ratio, gonial angle, lower genial angle and SN-mandibular plane angle. 2. The maxilla was positioned more anteriorly in good response group. 3. The amounts of vertical growth of maxilla was smaller but the horizontal growth of maxilla was larger in good response group. 4. The mandible rotated more infero-posteriorly in good response group. 5. The good response group had more vertical growth pattern of mandibular condyle.