Effects of Protein Concentration, Heat Treatment and pH on the Foaming Properties of Caseinate

농도, 열처리 및 pH가 Caseinate의 거품성에 미치는 영향

  • Yang, Seung-Taek (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungsung University)
  • 양승택 (경성대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1994.08.31

Abstract

To investigate the effects of protein concentration, heat treatment and pH on the foaming properties of sodium caseinate, surface tension, apparent viscosity, turbidity, foaming ability and foam stability at 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, 7.0 and 10.0% (W/V), at 55 and $65^{\circ}C$ and at pH 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0 were examined. The conditions of protein concentrations for the foaming abilities were $3.0{\sim}7.0%$ (W/V). Foam stabilities of heated sodium caseinates were worse than those of unheated sodium caseinates (control) at pH6.0 and 7.0 (p<0.05), while the heated one were better than the unheated at pH 8.0, 10.0% concentrations (p<0.05). Also foam stabilities of sodium caseinate at pH 6.0 were higher than those at pH 7.0 and 8.0. Foaming ability and foam stability were inconsistently effected by changing protein concentration, heat treatment and pH.