Isolation and physiological characteristics of cellulolytic bacteria

섬유소 분해세균의 분리 및 생리적인 특성

  • Kwon, Oh-Jin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Chung, Yung-Gun (Department of Food Science and Technology, Yeungnam University)
  • 권오진 (영남대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 정영건 (영남대학교 식품가공학과)
  • Published : 1994.08.31

Abstract

Three hundred and one cellulolytic bacterial were isolated from the 148 screening sources such as decomposed wood, soil, compost and leaf mold. Among them, strain KL-6 was found to have the highest of cellulase activity, and identified as species belonged to the genus Cellulomonas. Strain KL-6 was decompose up to 90% of the filter paper (whatman No. 1) substrate within 50 hours, and showed the colony halo formation (11 cm). The activities of CMCase (67 unit/ml), FPase (70 unit/ml) and ${\beta}-glucosidase$ (0.68 unit/ml) were obtained when this strain was cultured for 50 hrs at $30^{\circ}C$. Glucose was not found in detectable amounts at the FP medium. The optimum composition of nutrient medium for the cell growth by strain KL-6 was sucrose 0.5%, yeast extract 0.1%, $(NH_4)_2HPO_4\;0.1%$, $K_2HPO_4\;0.1%$, $MgSO_4{\cdot}7H_2O\;0.01%$, $CaCl_2\; 0.01%$, NaCl 0.6%, $CaCO_3\;0.1%$ and the optimum pH and temperature were 7.0 and $30^{\circ}C$, respectively.