DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

EFFECTS OF VARYING DIETARY LEVELS OF TOTAL DIGESTIBLE NUTRIENTS, PROTEIN AND FIBER ON THE GROWTH OF CROSSBRED HOLSTEIN HEIFERS FED UREA-TREATED RICE STRAW DIETS UNDER TWO FEEDING SYSTEMS

  • Promma, S. (National Dairy Training and Applied Research Institute) ;
  • Tuikumpee, S. (National Dairy Training and Applied Research Institute) ;
  • Jeenklum, P. (National Dairy Training and Applied Research Institute) ;
  • Indratula, T. (National Dairy Training and Applied Research Institute)
  • Received : 1992.07.07
  • Accepted : 1992.10.27
  • Published : 1993.03.01

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to examine the effects of urea-treated rice straw feeding on the growth performance of crossbred Holstein heifers under different feeding conditions. In the first experiment, the animals were given diets having 2 levels of TDN and CP and 3 levels of crude fiber (22, 30 and 36%) which were formulated with urea-treated rice straw and concentrates. Daily weight gain of heifers was not different between 22% and 30% CF diets, but the reduction of TDN or CP level to 90% of the requirements decreased the weight gain. Fiber content of 36% also reduced the body weight gain. The reduction of TDN significantly reduced DM intake and increased feed conversion ratio. Feed cost per kg weight gain was significantly increased by an increase in CF to 36%. In the second experiment, separate feeding and total mixing feeding were compared. There were no significant differences between the two feeding systems in body weight gain although the possibility of superiority in SF to TMF remained. DM intake was not affected by the feeding system, but 30% CF diet gave higher DM intake. Feed cost per kg weight gain was lower in the 30% CF diet.

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  1. Agricultural wastes as dairy feed in Chiang Mai vol.78, pp.4, 2007, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2007.00445.x