Heat Treatment and UV-Spectral Characteristics of Blue Sapphires from Shantung, China

청색(靑色) 사파이어의 열처리(熱處理)와 분광학적(分光學的) 특성(特性)

  • Na, Kyung-Ju (Department of Geology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Won-Sa (Department of Geology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Mun-Young (Korea Institute of Geology, Mining and Materials) ;
  • Bae, In-Kook (Korea Institute of Geology, Mining and Materials) ;
  • Jang, Young-Nam (Korea Institute of Geology, Mining and Materials)
  • Received : 1992.08.11
  • Published : 1993.02.28


For the blue sapphires from Santung, China, the color change before and after has been investigated by UV-Visible spectrophotometry method. The blue sapphires from Shantung show four groups of absorption bands: the bands A (374, 386 and 450 nm) being attributed to single $Fe^{3+}$ ion, the band B (560, 579 and $704n{\breve{m}}$) to $Fe^{2+}$/$Ti^{4+}$ pairs, the band C (-800 nm) to $Fe^{2+}$/$Fe^{3+}$ pairs, and the D (528 nm) to $Ti^{3+}$ dd transitions. From those UV-VIS characteristics the origin of blue color of the sapphires is confirmed to be attributed by the factors such as $Fe^{2+}$/$Fe^{3+}$ and $Ti^{3+}$/$Ti^{4+}$. The absorption spectra of natural blue sapphires before and after heat treatment show distintive features, comparing with those of sapphires from other localities: the bands of 689 nm and of $Cr^{3+}$ are not recorded on the spectra of sapphires from Shantung. The band (492 nm), which resulted from $Ti^{3+}$, is not shown and the intensity of the band 528 nm decreases after the heat treatment. Decoloration of ink-blue sapphires are found to be successful by heat treatment with the control of annealing and atmosphere. During the diffusion process the excess components of impurities contained originally in the host crystal were expelled to the surface of crystals, enhancing the transparency of the crystals noticeably.