The Application of Computer Program for Determination of Fluid Properties and P-T Condition from Microthermometric Data on Fluid Inclusions

유체포유물의 생성시 온도-압력 조건과 유체포유물의 물리화학적 특성연구에 있어서의 컴퓨터 프로그램이용

  • Oh, Chang-Whan (Department of Geology, College of Natural Science, Chonbuk University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Hoon (Department of Geology, Korea University)
  • Received : 1992.08.21
  • Published : 1993.02.28


Fluid inclusion has been widely used to study the origin and physiochemical conditions of ore deposits. However, it is difficult to get the accurate physiochemical data from fluid inclusion study due to the error of microthermometric data and the complexity of calculation of density and isochore of fluid inclusion. The computer programs HALWAT, $CO_2$, and CHNACL written by Nicholls and Crowford (1985) partly contributed to improve the accuracy of physiochemical data by using complicated equations. These programs are applied to determine the densities and isochores of fluid inclusions for the Cretaceous Keumhak mine using Choi and So's data (1992) and for the Jurassic Samhwanghak mine using Yun's data (1990). The estimated PoT for Keumhak mine from calculated isochores of coexisting fluid inclusions are $230^{\circ}{\sim}290^{\circ}C$ and 500~800 bar which matche well to the poT estimated by Choi and So ($280^{\circ}{\sim}360^{\circ}C$ and 500~800 bar, 1992). However, the poT for Samwhanghak mine estimated in this study by combining the calculated isochores and sulfur isotope geothermometer data by Yun (1990) are about 4~7 kb at $329{\pm}50^{\circ}{\sim}344{\pm}55^{\circ}C$ which are quite different form the P-T estimates by Yun ($255^{\circ}{\sim}294^{\circ}C$ and 1.2~1.9kb, 1990). This discrepancy caused by misinterpretation of homogenization temperature (Th) of fluid inclusion and by application of inappropriate isochores. The application of homogenization temperature and/or inappropriately selected isochore to determine the trapping PoT condition of ore-deposits should be avoided, particularly for ore-deposits formed at pressures higher than 1~2 kb.