Mesothermal Gold-Silver Mineralization at the Bodeok Mine, Boseong Area : A Fluid Inclusion and Stable Isotope Study

전남(全南) 보성지역(寶城地域) 보덕광산(寶德鑛山)의 심부(深部) 중온형(中溫型) 금(金)-은(銀) 광화작용(鑛化作用): 유체포유물(流體包有物) 및 안정동위원소(安定同位元素) 연구(硏究)

  • So, Chil-Sup (Department of Geology, Korea University) ;
  • Yun, Seong-Taek (Department of Mineral and Energy Resources Engineering, Semyung University) ;
  • Kim, Se-Hyun (Department of Mineral & Mining Engineering, Sangji University) ;
  • Youm, Seung-Jun (Department of Geology, Korea University) ;
  • Heo, Chul-Ho (Department of Geology, Korea University) ;
  • Choi, Seon-Gyu (Department of Geology, Korea University)
  • Received : 1993.06.20
  • Published : 1993.08.31

Abstract

Electrum (32~73 atom. % Ag)-sulfide mineralization of the Bodeok mine in the Boseong area was deposited in two stages of mineralogically simple, massive quartz veins that fill the fractures along fault shear zones in Precambrian gneiss. Radiometric dating indicates that mineralization is Late Jurassic age ($155.9{\pm}2.3$ Ma). Fluid inclusion data show that ore mineralization was formed from $H_2O-CO_2$ fluids with variable $CO_2$ contents ($X_{CO_2}=0.0$ to 0.7) and low salinities (0.0 to 7.4 wt. % eq. NaCl) at temperatures between $200^{\circ}$ and $370^{\circ}C$. Evidence of fluid unmixing ($CO_2$ effervescence) indicates pressures up to 1 kbar. Gold-silver deposition occurred later than base-metal sulfide deposition, at temperatures near $250^{\circ}C$ and was probably a result of cooling and decreasing sulfur activity caused by sulfide precipitation and/or $H_2S$ loss (through fluid unmixing). Calculated sulfur isotope compositions of ore fluids (${\delta}^{34}S_{{\Sigma}S}=1.7$ to 3.3‰) indicate an igneous source of sulfur in hydrothermal fluids. Measured and calculated O and H isotope compositions of ore fluids (${\delta}^{18}O_{water}=4.8$ to 7.2‰, ${\delta}D_{water}=-73$ to -76‰) indicate that mesothermal auriferous fluids at Bodeok were likely mixtures of $H_2O-rich$, isotopically evolved meteoric waters and magmatic $H_2O-CO_2$ fluids.

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Science and Techology