Adaptations of Estuarine and Freshwater Phytoplankton to Urea Decomposition

기수 및 담수 식물플랑크톤의 요소 분해에 대한 적응

  • Published : 1993.12.01


The concentration-dependence of and the effect of light on urea decomposition, and the suppression of urea decomposition by ammonium were studied to understand adaptations in phytoplankton to utilization of urea in the estuarine system of the Mankyung and Dongjin rivers and a hypertrophied pond. Results of size-fractionation showed that bacterial fraction played a minor role (14%) in urea decomposition in the estuary. However, the role of bacteria in urea decomposition seemed to increase in a hypertrophic pond. Natural phytoplankton communities exhibited a monophonic or biphasic kinetics of urea decomposition over a wide range of concentration (upto 7.7 mM). the addition of high concentration of ammonium and incubation of the euphotic samples in the dark caused reductions in the urea decomposition rates. It is suggested that understanding of adaptations in phytoplankton to urea decomposition would help to study the temporal and spatial variabilities of urea decomposition rates in the field and the significance of urea in nitrogen cycle.