Host range and Bionomics of the Rhombic Marked Leafhopper, Hishimonus sellatus Uhler(Homoptera: Cicadelliae) as a Vector of the Jujube Witches-Broom Mycoplasma

대추나무빗자루병 매개충 "마름무늬매미충(Hishimonus sellatus Uhler)"의 기주범위 및 생태에 관한 연구

  • 김규진 (전남대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 김미숙 (전남대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 1993.09.01

Abstract

The study was to investigate the bionomics, host plants, and oviposition preference of Hishimonus sellatus Uhler. It has 5 generations under natural conditions and the peak of the 3rd generation was observed about mid and late August. Its average developmental durations were 80 days in spring, 69 days in summer, and 77.8 days in autumn. The lengths of each stage were 0.8mm in eggs, 0.9mm in 1st instar, 1.4mm in 2nd instar, 2.1mm in 3rd instar, 2.5mm in 4th instar, 3.2mm in 5th instar, 4.1mm in female, and 3.8mm in male. Hishimonus sellatus overwintered as egg in Morus alba, Humulus japonicus, and Zizyphus jujuba begining mid October, and attacked the shoot of M. alba and H. japonicus about mid and late May, migrated to the Zizyphus jujuba from late June to early July. Female oviposites 32~62 eggs into epidermis of shoot, vagina and vein during their life. The preferred host plants of H. sellatus were Humulus japonicus, Morus alba, Zizyphus jujuba, and ligustrum obtusifolium. Highly preferable oviposition site was H. japonicus, M. albal, Z. jujuba, and L. obtusifolium, etc. On audlt longevity, the host plants as H. japonicus, M. alba, and Z. jujuba were 43$\pm$2 days and A. brevipedenculata, C. mimosoides, L. obtusifolium, V. rosa, A. sinicus and, A. graveolens were more than 25 days, and other host plants were less than 20 days.