Seasonal Occurrence, Host Preference and Hatching Behavior of Eriococcus lagerstroemiae

주머니 깍지벌레의 발생소장, 기주선호성 및 부화습성

  • 박종대 (전남농촌진흥원 시험국)
  • Published : 1993.03.01

Abstract

This study investigated seasonal occurrence, host preference and developmental characteristics of E. lagerstroemiae was most likely to have two generations a year with first occurrence of adults form late April to late may and second from late August to late October including 2 peaks in early May and late August, respectively. Overwintering stages were mostly eggs and larvae and its composition rate was 57.1% of eggs and 42.9% of larvae. Host plats investigated were 7 species 7 families and most preferred species were Lagerstroemia japonica and Diospyros kaki. As morphological characteristics of E. lagerstroemiae, sized of length/sidth were 0.29/0.16 mm for the egg. 0.41/0.16 mm for the first instar larva, 0.96/0.47 mm for the male adult. Number of eggs deposited per female adult was 221.9 individuals. Hatching rate at various temperatures was above 90% at below $30^{\circ}C$. Egg periods were also short\ened with increase of temperatures at below $30^{\circ}C$ but decreased to 56.3% at $35^{\circ}C$. Egg periods were also shortened with increase of temperatures at below $30^{\circ}C$. Hatching rate was not affected by photoperiods but egg periods were shortened with increase of day length.