The Influence of Adolescent-perceived Family Cohesion, Family Adaptability, and Family System Types on Parent-Adolescent Relationship

청소년이 지각한 가족응집성, 가족 적응성 및 가족체계 유형이 부모-청소년기자녀관계에 미치는 영향

  • 전귀연 (경북대학교 사범대학 가정교육과)
  • Published : 1993.09.01


The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of family cohesion, family adaptability, and family system type on parent-adolescent relationship. For this study, adolescents' perceptions of family cohesion, family adaptability, and parent-adolescent relationship quality were utilized. The 443 subjects were selected randomly from the second grade of middle and high schools in the city of Taegu. The survey instruments were AFCESⅢ and CAM/CAF. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheff test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: (1) Adolescents who perceived their family as high in cohesion reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship in comparison with other levels of cohesion. (2) There were differences in adolescents' evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality by their perception of family adapability levels. Namely, adolescents who perceived family adaptability to be low level-i.e. rigid family-showed the relatively severe problems in the parent-adolescent relationship. (3) Adolescents did show some differences by types of family system in their evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Adolescents reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship when they perceived their families as balanced family.