Case-Control Study on Effects of Alcohol Intake and Smoking to Gastritis of Korean Adult Men

한국 성인남자에 있어서 흡연 및 음주가 위염에 미치는 영향에 대한 환자-대조군 연구

  • Hong, Yun-Chul (Department of Preventive Medicine Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Park, Chung-Yill (Department of Preventive Medicine Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Lee, Won-Chul (Department of Preventive Medicine Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Lee, Kang-Sook (Department of Preventive Medicine Catholic University Medical College)
  • 홍윤철 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 박정일 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 이원철 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 이강숙 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Published : 1992.09.01

Abstract

We performed case-control studies for the 1,138 Korean adult men. According to the results of UGIS, we classified the gastritis into the erosive gastritis, superficial gastritis, and hypertrophic gastritis. And then, we selected controls among non-gastritis group after matching. Alcohol intake and smoking history was obtained by questionnaire. And we observed the effects of alcohol intake and smoking to the each gastritis. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Smokers had a risk of getting erosive gastritis more than twice(2.6) than non-smokers and there was dose-response relationships between smoking and erosive gastritis. Alcohol intake, however, had no significant relation with the erosive gastritis. 2. Both smoking and alcohol intake had no significant relations with superficial gastritis. 3. Smoking had no significant relation with hypertrophic gastritis, but dividing between those who drank more than 100gm of alcohol a week and those who drank less, we obtained the odds ratio of 3.4 suggesting that there existed a significant relation between moderate or excessive alcohol intake and hypertrophic gastritis. 4. Among the gastritis patients, those who had erosive gastritis smoked most heavily, and those who had hypertrophic gastritis drank most excessively.