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EFFECT OF SEASON ON SEMINAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLSTEIN BULL UNDER SEMI-ARID ENVIRONMENT II. SPERM ABNORMALITIES

  • Salah, M.S. (Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture King Saud University) ;
  • El-Nouty, F.D. (Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture King Saud University) ;
  • Al-Hajri, M.R. (Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture King Saud University)
  • Received : 1991.11.12
  • Accepted : 1992.02.25
  • Published : 1992.09.01

Abstract

Eight healthy Holstein bulls, 4-6 years old were used to study the effect of season of the year on the incidence of the morphologically abnormal spermatozoa. Semen was collected twice a week by A. V. over one-year period. The percentage of total abnormal spermatozoa was $14.1{\pm}0.5$. Ejaculates collected during hot summer season had significantly higher incidence of abnormal spermatozoa than those collected during winter time. Warm spring had moderate semen abnormality. In addition to its effect on the total number of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, season affected significantly the primary as well as the secondary types of abnormalities. The differences between incidence of primary and secondary types of abnormalities were not significant for all seasons and seasons pooled together. The ratio between the total forms of abnormality in the head, mid-piece and tail of spermatozoa was as 1:1.5:1. Head and mid-piece had defected more during summer compared with both winter and spring. There was no variation in tail abnormalities due to season. The significant effect of season on head was observed by large, pyriform, free and detached heads, while that on mid-piece was by swollen, coiled mid-pieces and protoplasmic droplets.

Keywords

Season;Sperm Abnormality;Holstein Bulls;Semi-Arid