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SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING TRI-L-ALANINE DISAPPEARANCE AND RUMEN BACTERIAL GROWTH YIELD IN VITRO

  • Ha, J.K. ;
  • Kennelly, J.J. ;
  • Lee, S.C.
  • Received : 1991.05.03
  • Accepted : 1991.09.11
  • Published : 1991.12.01

Abstract

A series of in vitro incubation studies with washed rumen bacteria were conducted to determine the influence of incubation time and concentrations of peptides, alanine, ammonia nitrogen and carbohydrate on the rate of peptide disappearance and on bacterial growth. Disappearance rate of tri-alanine (ala3) under various conditions was between 30.6 and $58.2mg\;hr^-$ per gram bacterial dry matter. Ala3 was removed from the incubation medium in an almost linear fashion as incubation time and ala3 concentration was increased. Washed rumen bacteria utilized ala3 faster than di-l-alanine (ala2) at all concentrations. Adding 9mM carbohydrate significantly increased ala3 disappearance, but level of ammonia nitrogen had no influence on ala3 disappearance. The presence of alanine in the medium significantly lowered ala3 utilization by rumen bacteria. Bacterial dry matter and nitrogen growth yield were not influenced by alanine and peptides when incubation medium already contained a sufficient level of ammonia nitrogen. Increased ammonia nitrogen in the presence of ala3 did not stimulate bacterial growth. Carbohydrate significantly increased bacterial dry matter and nitrogen growth as expected. Results indicate that the rate of peptide utilization by rumen bacteria may be altered by type and concentration of peptides, and energy supply, and this may be mediated through changes in numbers and type of bacteria.

Keywords

Peptide Disappearance;Bacterial Growth;Washed Rumen Bacteria

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada