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EFFECT OF WINTER SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BALOCHI EWES GRAZING NATIVE RANGELANDS IN HIGHLAND BALOCHISTAN

  • Rafique, S. (Arid Zone Research Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council) ;
  • Munir, M. (Arid Zone Research Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council) ;
  • Sultani, M.I. (Arid Zone Research Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council) ;
  • Rehman, A. (Arid Zone Research Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council)
  • Received : 1990.10.17
  • Accepted : 1991.07.01
  • Published : 1991.12.01

Abstract

Eighty-two ewes of Balochi breed, two to four years of age were used in a completely randomized design to study the effect of winter supplementation on their performance in Kalat area of Balochistan and randomly divided into two groups of 40 and 42 animals. Two treatments (T1 and T2) studied were : 250 gm/animal/day of a 50 : 50 mixture of cottonseed cake and barley grain fed from Oct. 20 to Dec. 18, 1988 plus grazing and 500 gm/animal/day of the same feed mixture fed from Oct. 9 to Dec. 18, 1988 in addition to grazing. Lucerne hay and wheat straw in a 50 : 50 ratio were provided to all the ewes for a period of one month from Jan. 6, 1989 @ 320 gm/animal/day to sustain them in severe winter. Same feeding levels to the same ewe groups were again fed from Mar. 1 to May 27, 1989. Three breeding rams stayed with the flock from Nov. 1 to Dec. 13, 1988. Lambing took place from Apr. 2 to May 12, 1989. Conception, lambing and mortality percentage was found different (P<.05) between T1 and T2 (12.5 vs 14.8 kg). The ewes on T2 maintained higher body weights throughout winter than the ewes on T1. The results are suggestive of improvement in conception rate with winter supplementation (flushing) and decrease in ewe mortality. Late-gestation and early-lactation supplemental feeding of ewes results in increases in weaning weights of their lambs.

Keywords

Balochi Ewes;Winter Supplementation;Fertility;Lamb Performance