Pollution of Pb in paddy field soil and rice plants at roadside areas;I. Pollution of Pb in paddy field soil and its chemical forms

도로변(道路邊)에 인접(隣接)한 경작지(耕作地) 토양(土壤) 및 작물체중(作物體重)의 연오염(鉛汚染) 제(第)1보(報) 경작지(耕作地) 토양중(土壤中)의 연오염(鉛汚染) 및 화학적(化學的) 형태(形態)

  • Lee, Seog-June (Department of Agricultural Chenistry, College of Agriculture, Kyung-pook National University) ;
  • Kim, Jang-Eok (Department of Agricultural Chenistry, College of Agriculture, Kyung-pook National University)
  • 이석준 (경북대학교 농과대학 농화학과) ;
  • 김장억 (경북대학교 농과대학 농화학과)
  • Published : 1991.06.30

Abstract

The object of this stduy was to investigate the pollution of Pb in paddy field soil with different distance from roadside and to find out the relationship between the ratio of chemical fractions of total Pb and soil characteristics. Lead from automobiles is exhausted as particulates composed primarily of halide compounds (PbBrCl, $PbBr_2$, $PbCl_2$). The samples of soil were collected directly from the paddy fields with different distance from the roadside of highway and expressway which are located in Kyungpook province. A sequential extraction procedure was used to fractionate Pb in paddy field soil into the disignated forms of water soluable, exchangeable, organically bounded, carbonate, sulfide, and residual Pb. Results obtained are summerized as follows. 1. The content of Pb in paddy field soil was the highest in Chungdo, 30.0 ppm, the lowest in Koryung, 14.8 ppm, and the total average content was 21.9 ppm. The effect of traffic volume was not clear, but a slight difference according to the order of opened year of roads was showed. 2. The effect of distance from roadside was not clear. The content of Pb in paddy field soil with different distance from roadside was 22.2 ppm within l0m, 22.1 ppm in 10∼30m, 22.2 ppm in 30∼50m. and 21.3 ppm beyond 50m. 3. The distribution of Pb fractions in soil showed a wide difference depending on soil properties. The average content of exchangeable. organically bounded, carbonate, sulfide, and residual Pb was 8.6%, 33.6%, 29.8%, 21.5%, and 6.7%, of total Pb in the soil, respectively. 4. The content of organically bounded Pb in soil showed highly positive correlation with organic matter and CEC, while the content of exchangeable Pb was highly negative correlation. 5. With higher soil organic matter and CEC, organically bounded Pb fraction tend to be higher but exchangeable Pb fraction tend to be lower. Other forms of Pb showed no difference with soil organic matter contend and CEC. The distribution of Pb fraction related to CEC showed similiar tendency with that of organic matter content.

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