Thermal Effects on the Physicochemical Properties of Domestic Bentonite as a Buffer Material of Spent Fuel Repository

사용후핵연료 처분장 완충재로서 국산벤토나이트의 물리화학적 특성에 대한 열적효과

  • Published : 1991.12.01


To investigate the thermal effects on functional properties of domestic bentonite, XRD patterns, TG /DSC curves, swelling rates and distribution coefficients of heat-treated Dong-Hae A bentonite were studied. In the XRD patterns, (001) peak disappeared at above 20$0^{\circ}C$ and Dong-Hae A was identified as Ca-bentonite through the DSC curve. The loss of swelling capacity and CEC began at 10$0^{\circ}C$. The distribution coefficients of Am-241, Co-60 and Cs-137 onto heat-treated Dong-Hae A showed negligible variance as temperature was raised and that of Sr-85 decreased at about 15$0^{\circ}C$. Reviewing these data, it was evaluated that Dong-Hae A colud be used as a buffer material at below 10$0^{\circ}C$.