- Volume 4 Issue 3
The procedure of the elastic response spectrum method which is used in the codes of many countries involves the computation of a static horizontal substitute loading resulting from the earthquake. The substitute loading is divided by a behavioral factor in order to take energy dissipation due to the real nonlinear structural behavior and damping effects ect. into account. The behavioral factors widely used in many countries are based not on the exact calculation but only on the empirical data. In order to determine the behavioral factors analytically, it is necessary to define the limit state of structures as a first step. In this work, the methods of the determination of limit state for the steel structures are discussed in the geometric, serviceabile and material apsects, and the behavioral factors for the three types of structures are calculated.