A Note on the Deveolopment of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on Brown Rice Oryzae sativa L.

현미에서의 거짓쌀도둑, Tribilium castaneum(딱정발레목:거저리과)의 발육

  • 전환구 (고려대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 홍영석 (고려대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 류문일 (고려대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 1991.06.01

Abstract

The developmental period(mean $\pm$ SE) of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum was studied on brown rice at four constant temperature(25, 28, 34, $36^{\circ}C$ $\pm$ $0.5^{\circ}C$, RH 70%)conditions. Based on the results, the lower and the upper developmental threshold temperature for the beetle were also estimated. The duration of the egg stage was estimated to be 7.6 $\pm$ 0.25, 4.8 $\pm$ 0.10, 3.0 $\pm$ 0.03 and 2.5 $\pm$ 0.09 days at 25, 28, 34, $36^{\circ}C$, respectively. That of the larval stage was estimated to be 53.3 $\pm$ 1.49, 33.4 $\pm$ 0.57, 30.6 $\pm$ 0.70, 31.0 $\pm$ 1.18; that of the pupal stage to be 12.1 $\pm$ 0.17, 7.8 $\pm$ 0.09, 5.7 $\pm$ 0.09, 5.0 $\pm$ 0.07 ; that of the overall period which spans from eggs to the adult emergence to be 72.3 $\pm$ 1.67, 46.0 $\pm$ 0.55, 39.4 $\pm$ 0.64, 38.7 $\pm$ 1.15 days at 25, 28, 34, $36^{\circ}C$, respectively. The duration of the egg and the pupal stage were similar to those of the results reared on other diets such as wheat and maize. Fed on brown rice, however, the duration of the larval stage was significantly retarded than on wheat. The mortality of the beetle during ,development was higher on brown rice than on wheat reported, indicating that brown rice is a poor diet compared with wheat. The lower developmental threshold temperature was estimated to be $20.0^{\circ}C$ for all stages of the beetle. The upper one was estimated to be $40.2^{\circ}C$ for the overall stage. The modal value of the moulting times during the larval stage was 7. However, as temperature increased,.the frequency of the beetle that moulted more than 7 times became higher. The sex ratio of the beetle was not affected by temperature.

Keywords

Tribolium castaneum Herbst;development;temperature