Development of Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Determination of Zearalenone in Animal Feeds

가축사료 중 Zearalenone 분석을 위한 Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay법의 개발

  • Published : 1991.12.01


We examined to develop the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for determination of zearalenone in animal feeds. Zearalenone was first converted to 6'-(carboxymethyl) zearalenone oxime(zearalenone oxime) to get a coupling site and then conjugated to bovine serum albumin(BSA) for use as immunogen and to horseradish peroxidase(HRP) for use as enzyme marker. Antibody against zearalenone was obtained after 11 weeks of immunization of rabbit with zearalenone oxime-BSA. Cross reactivity of the antibody with ${\alpha}-zearalanol,\;{\beta}-zearalenol,\;{\alpha}-zearalanol\;and\;{\beta}-zearalanol$ were 168, 46, 26 and 20% respectiviely. A simple procedure was devised for the screening of zearalenone in feeds using ELISA. Feeds samples(5g) were extracted by blending with 25 ml of methanol-phospate butTered saline-dimethylformate(70 : 29 : 1) and the extract was filtered and aqueous filterate analyzed. It took only 1 hours to do whole procedure for the analysis of zearalenone in feeds by the direct competitive ELISA, and detectable limit was 1-100 ppb. Using this procedure, only 4 of 24 feed samples showed positive results with 3.93-7.43 ppb levels.