Charaterization of Nisin Production and Resistance of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis $ML_8$

Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis $ML_8$의 Nisin 생산 및 저항 특성

  • 김등양 (서울대학교 농과대학 식품공학과) ;
  • 이형주 (서울대학교 농과대학 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1991.12.01


To investigate nisin production and resistance of Lactococcus lactis ssp. tactis ML (L. lactis $ML_8$, effects of medium, pH of culture broth, and cell growth on the nisin activity, and effect of nisin with or without $Ca^[2+}$ ion on the growth of L. lactzs were analyzed. In the bio-assay of nisin by the agar diffusion method, inhibition-zone diameter of Micrococcus Javus was propotional to the logarithm of nisin concentration ranged 0.5~20 unitlml (12.5~500 ng/mf). Nisin activity of the pasteurized culture filtrates of L. lactis MLs was high at pH 2!3 but was inactivated completely at pH over 6.0. Nisin production of the L. lactis $ML_8$ cultured on LTB broth increased at late logarithmic phase and reached 10.5 unitlml after 16 hr. The cell growth of L. lactis LM 0230, a plasmid free and nisin sensitive strain, was inhibited on agar medium containing 7 unitlrnl of nisin, while L. lactis $ML_8$ showed high survival ability at 20 unitld of nisin. When 40 mM $Ca^[2+}$ ion was added to Elliker broth with 8 unitlml of nisin, the growth pattern of L. lactis $ML_8$ was similiar to that on control medium which did not contain nisin and $Ca^[2+}$ ion, and this suggested that $Ca^[2+}$ increased the nisin resistance of the L. lactis.

Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis ML8(L.lactis ML8)의 nisin 생산과 저항 특성을 구명하기 위하여 배지의 종류 및 pH가 nisin의 역가에 미치는 영향, 균체의 생육에 따른 nisin의 생산특성, nisin이 균체생육에 미치는 영향 및 $Ca^[2+}$ 이온의 존재가 균주의 nisin 저항성에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. Nisin의 역가를 Micrococcus flacus에 대하여 항생효과를 나타내는 성질을 이용하여 agar diffusion법으로 측정하였을 때, M.flavus 생육에 대한 저해직경은 nisin 농도 (0.5`20 unit/ml)의 log치에 비례하였다.