Biochemical studies of the siderophore A3 produced by pseudomonas synxantha A3

Pseudomonas synxantha A3가 생성하는 siderophore A3에 관한 연구

  • 전홍기 (부산대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과) ;
  • 강호영 (부산대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과) ;
  • 고철종 (부산대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과) ;
  • 백형석 (부산대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과)
  • Published : 1991.11.01

Abstract

A yellow-green, fluorescent siderophore A3 was extracellularly produced under iron-limited growth conditions from Pseudomonas synxantha A3. The physicochemical and biological properties of siderophore A3 were examined. The approxiamte molecular weights of the Fe(III)-siderophore A3-1 complex and Fe(III)-siderophore A3-2 complex were estimated to be about 1,300 and 1,100, respectively, by Bio-gel P2 gel exclusion chromatography. The molar ratio between the siderophore and the Fe(III)was 1.08 mole. The molecular weight of the complex could be calculated with this ratio and the new values were 1,150 and 960, respectively. The binding constant(K) between thesiderophore A3 and Fe(III) that determined by displacing the iron from the Fe(III)-siderophore complex with EDTA was 4.12*10$^{18}$ at pH 5.0. Siderophore A3 appeared to have antibacterial activity on several bacterial strains, however, ferric siderophore Ae complex did not show that activity. The cytotoxicity of siderophore A3 was obtained from Human Chronic Myelogenous Leudemia K562 cells. Inhibition concentration (50%)($IC_{50}$ ) was $0.17\mu$\{g/ml}.

Keywords

Pseudomonas synxantha A3;siderophore A3;molecular weight;binding constant(K);antibacterial activity