Study on Korean Ancient Dietary Culture through Japanese Sacrificial Offering Kasugadaisha Wakamiyasai (I)

일본신찬(日本神饌)을 통(通)한 한국고대식(韓國古代食)의 추정연구(推定硏究) -일본춘일신사약궁제(日本春日神社若宮祭)-

  • Kim, Chon-Ho (Department of Food and Nutrition Hanyang Women's College)
  • 김천호 (한양여자전문대학 식품영양과)
  • Published : 1991.09.30


Kasugadaisha was built in the 9th century at Nara, Japan and it was the powerful Fujiwara's Shrine at that time. And also Wakamiyasai which has transmitted from generation to generation about for 1200 years at Kasugadaisha is typical sacrificial service of Nara Ages and it was built up with the historical background from Korean peninsula, especially Bekje. So it could be presumed to be important data to survey the sacrificial service in order to study on the ancient dietary culture of Korean and Japanese. 1) They used a live flower or paper flower in every sacrificial services. But in Korea, it has been used not only in the sacrificial services but also in happy events. And also it has been changed to use silk or developed rice cake instead of paper. 2) Steamed rice cake in Siru has been taken after boiled rice and unpolished rice. 3) Fried rice cake like doughnut was beginning of fried cake like Yak-kwa. 4) Four colors of red, yellow, green and white are symbolic at the high offering. There are a lot of cake, candy and some kind of biskuit four colors used in every events even now in Korea.