Food Scientific Study on the Difference between Traditional Korean and Japanese Foods -Difference of inorganic cation contents between Kimchi, Japanese pickles and Salted and fermented fish intestines-

한일양국(韓日兩國)의 전통식품에 관한 식품학적(食品學的) 비교연구(比較硏究) -한국김치, 일본지물(漬物)과 젓갈류(類) 중(中)의 무기질 함량의 차이(差異)-

  • Kaneko, Kentaro (Laboratory of Food Science, Koriyama Women's Junior College) ;
  • Kim, Chon-Ho (Department of Food and Nutrition Hanyang Women's Collegs) ;
  • Kaneda, Takashi (Faculty of Home Economic, Koriyama Women's College)
  • Published : 1991.06.30

Abstract

The difference between Kimchi, Japanese pickles, Korean Salted and fermented fish intestines and Japanese Salted and fermented fish intestines was investigated by comparising composition of inorganic cation in them. A high-performance liqid chromatography was used for the determination of Na, K, Ca and Mg in Kimchi, Japanese pickles and Salted and fermented fish intestines. The Kimchi samples analyzed were produced in the home, in the restaurant, in the nunnery and by food manufactures in Korea, and the pickles used were produced by food manufactures in Japan, and Salted and fermented fish intestines used were produced by food manufactures in Korea or Japan. The results obtained were summarized as following: (1) Sodium chloride in Kimchi was $1.8{\pm}0.37%$, $2.8{\pm}0.60%$ in Asazuke, Japanese picles which the fresh vegitables was seasoned with sodium chloride and seasoning, $1.8{\pm}0.32%$ in Japanese Kimchi, Japanese pickles which the fresh vegitables was seasoned with the mixture of sodium chloride, garlic powder, red peper's powder and seasoning, $5.3{\pm}0.66%$ in Shoyu Zuke, Japanese pickles which the salted vegetables was seasoned with sodium chloride and seasoning after desalting. (2) Na/K value in Kimchi was $1.7{\pm}0.17$ and $4.6{\pm}1.44$ in Asazuke, $2.6{\pm}0.85$ in Japanese Kimchi and $27.3{\pm}6.79$ in Shoyu zuke respectively. (3) Kimchi contained more K and Ca than Japanese pickles. (4) Kimchi remarkably contained the Ca originating to salted and fermented fish intestines. As the results of this study, it was presumed that while Kimchi and Japanese pickles is well known as a food that contributed to high blood pressure, Kimchi and Japanese Kimchi might not cause the high blood pressure because they have an excellent balance of Na/K value and low Na content. And also it was considered that these differences might be caused by the difference of th food taste between and Korean and Japanese people.

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