A Study of Mode of Action of Alachlor - I. Effects of Alachlor on Nucleic acid, Amino acid and Protein Synthesis in Oat(Avena sativa L.)

Alachlor의 제초기구(除草機構)에 관한 연구(硏究) - I.Alachlor가 귀리의 핵산(核酸), 아미노산 및 단백질합성(蛋白質合成)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Kwon, S.W. (College of Agriculture, Jeonbug National University) ;
  • Kim, J.C. (College of Agriculture, Jeonbug National University)
  • Published : 1990.09.30


The effects of alachlor [2-chloro-2', 6' diethyl-N-(methoxymethyl) acetanilide] treatment on nucleic acid, amino acid and protein synthesis were studied. The amide herbicide alachlor blocks the biosynthesis of the amino acids isoleucine, valine and aromatic amino acid in oat root tips. Nucleic acid was inhibited, but was not proportional to reduction in protein synthesis. $1{\times}10^{-4}M$ of alachlor treatment of oat roots inhibited 36% DNA synthesis, but DNA synthesis was not inhibited at $1{\times}10^{-5}M$. RNA synthesis was inhibited by $1{\times}10^{-5}M$ and $1{\times}10^{-4}M$ of alachlor 16 and 27%, respectively, while inhibition of protein synthesis did occur at same concentrations. Inhibition of protein synthesis also did not occur at concentration below $1{\times}10^{-4}M$ alachlor. It suggest that inhibition of protein sythesis caused significantly by alachlor($1{\times}l0^{-3}M$) result from secondary action.



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