Surface Treatment of Carbon Fiber by Hydrogen Sulfide

탄소섬유 표면의 H2S 처리에 관한 연구

  • 신경한 (단국대학교 공과대학 섬유공학과) ;
  • 한정련 (단국대학교 공과대학 섬유공학과)
  • Received : 1990.11.29
  • Published : 1990.12.31


For the purpose of the improvement of interfacial shear strength in carbon fiber/aluminum matrix composite material, polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fibers were surface treated by hydrogen sulfide gas continuously between 400 and $600^{\circ}C$. Surface treated carbon fibers were analysed by scanning electron microscope. The existence of sulfur compound on treated carbon fiber surfaces was confirmed, and carbon and oxygen contents of the fiber surfaces were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Optimum treating temperature for the adsorption of sulfur on the carbon fiber surface was $500^{\circ}C$. Sulfur compounds on the carbon fiber surfaces form the structures of disulfide, $(S)_n$ and thiophene. The decrease in the tensile strength of the carbon fibers was observed less than about 5%.