Initiation and Termination of Pupal Diapause in the Oriental Tobacco budworm (Heliothis assulta)

담배나방 (Heliothis assulta) 용휴면의 유기와 종료

  • 부경생 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 신현철 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 한만위 (농업기술연구소 곤충과) ;
  • 이문홍 (농업기술연구소 곤충과)
  • Published : 1990.12.01


Laboratory and field studies were conducted to investigate the initiation and termination factors for pupal diapause in the Oriental tabacco budworm, Heliothis assulta Guenee. Diapause induction was dependent of photoperiod and temperature experienced by 4th and 5th instar larve. One hundred percent of pupal diapause was obtained when larvae were grown at 10L/14D or shorter and $20^{\circ}C$. But at $25^{\circ}C$ the maximum rate of diapause was only about 85% at 8L/16D, the shortest photoperiod tested in this experiment. Adults, eggs or pupae did not respond to diapause-inducing environmental conditions. The critical photoperiod was 12-12.5 hr at $25^{\circ}C$and 14-14.5 hr at $20^{\circ}C$. In the field-collected sample 100% of diapuse rate was observed on Sept. 20 and thereafter in Suwon and middle part of Korea. Cold temperature treatment was not necessary in the termination of pupal diapause, but accelerated adult development.