Study on the Horizontal Distribution of Squid Gill-Net Fishing Ground in the North Pacific Ocean

북태평양 오징어유자망어장의 수평분포에 관한 연구

  • Published : 1990.09.01


The horizontal distribution of squid gill-net fishing ground in the North Pacific Ocean was examined within the main fishing season, May to October, during 1986~1989. Data of sea surface temperature were selected from Technical Reports of National Fisheries Research Development Agency of Korea, Data Records of Hokkaido University, Deep-sea Training Reports of Korea Fishing Training centre, Fishing Operation Reports of Daelim Fisheries Co., Ltd., Oyang Fisheries Co., Ltd. and Dong-won Industrial Co., Ltd.. Data of catch were also collected from Deep-sea Training Reports of Korea Fishing Training Centre and Fishing Operation Report of three fisheries companies in Korea. The fishing ground was segmented in every 1 degree of latitude from $34^{\circ}N$ to $46^{\circ}N$ and 2 degree of longitude from $144^{\circ}E$ to $162^{\circ}W.$ The distribution and centeroid of fishing ground, fished and optimum surface temperature, catch per unit effort (CPUE) in the fishing ground were computed, based on the above data. The resulted obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. Range of fishing ground can be estimated as $35^{\circ}~40^{\circ}N,$ $178^{\circ}~166^{\circ}W$ in May, $36^{\circ}~41^{\circ}N,$ $178^{\circ}E~166^{\circ}W$ in June, $38^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $170^{\circ}E~170^{\circ}W$ in July, $39^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~180^{\circ}E$ in August, $39^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~170^{\circ}E$ in September and $40^{\circ}~44^{\circ}N,$ $144^{\circ}~154^{\circ}E$ in October. 2. Fishing ground in May, June and October is similarly distributed along longitude and latitude, but the range of the former is larger than that of the latter in July, August and September. Monthly centeroids of fishing sectors is estimated as #3888 in May, #3884 in June, #4078 in July, #4154 in August, #4146 in September and #4044 in October respectively. 3. Fished temperature and optimum and temperature are estimated as $14.0~18.5^{\circ}C$ and $15.0~16.0^{\circ}C$ in May, $13.5~18.5^{\circ}C$ and $14.5~16.0^{\circ}C$ in June, $14.0~20.0^{\circ}C$ and $14.5^{\circ}C,$ $19.0^{\circ}C$ in July, $16.0~21.5^{\circ}C$ and $18.0~20.0^{\circ}C$ in August, $14.5~22.0^{\circ}C$ and $17.0~18.5^{\circ}C$ in September, $14.0~18.0^{\circ}C$ and $16.0~17.0^{\circ}C$ in October. 4. Monthly mean CPUE which corresponds to the net weight of catch(kg) divided by the sheet number of operated gillnets is calcuted as 3.2, 4.5, 4.3, 5.1, 6.4 and 5.8 kg/sheet respectively. 5. Considering the monitoring program of the squid gill-net fishery in the North Pacific Ocean during 1989~1990, set by the Korean Government, 12 sectors may be restricted out of 21 fishing sectors in May, 7 out of 24 in June, 4 out of 25 in July. They are free from restriction hereafter August.