A Study on Analysis of Residual Antibiotics and Prop Acid in Honey

벌꿀중의 잔유항생물질 및 Propionic Acid 분석011 관한 조사연구

  • 전상수 (경상남도보건환경연구소)
  • Published : 1990.06.01


A sensitive and simple analytical system for the simultaneous determination of residual oxytetracycline, tetracycline, and doxycycline in honey was described, and that the analytical method for determination of residual propionic acid in honey was established. Experimental subjects were purchased four kinds of honey, native kind honey, acaccia honey, mixed floral honey, chestnut honey in Kyung Sang Nam Do. Several microbiological methods are available to determine tetracycline antibiotecs(TCs) in foods but their precision apears to be variable and the specificity is questionable. These methods are considered to be not suitable for analysis of tetracycline antibiotics in honey because honey itself has bacteriostatic action. For determination of tetracycline antibiotics in honey, therefore the High Performance Liquid Chromatography(HPLC) method was applied, and the propionic acid were determined by Gas Chromatography(5.C). Ethylacetate, as an extract solvent, was found to be suitable for seperation of TCs in honey, but methanol and acetone were not. The recoverly rate of Oxytetracycline(OTC), Tetracycline(TC), Doxycycline(DC) from honey spiked at a level of 10 $\mu $g/g were 97%, 89%, and 91%, respectively. The cailbration curve in TCs was linear expression from 2$\mu $g/ml to 10$\mu $g/ml. As the results of analysis, the residual tetracycline antibiotics were not detected in the 100 samples of honey. The recovery rate of propionic acid from honey spiked at level of 10$\mu $g/g was 98.3% , and the calibra lion curves were linear expression from 21$\mu $g/ml to 101$\mu $g/ml. As the results of analysis, the residual propionic acid was not detected in the 100 samples of honey. Retention time(min) of OTC, DC, and TC were 3.35, 4.61, and 5.30 minutes at the conditions of table 2, respectively, and retention time(min) of propionic acid was 3.50 minutes at the conditions of table 3. The residual TCs and propionic acid were not detected in the 100 samples of honey, but there is a possibility that antibiotics or propionic acid will be to remain in honey if they are used during product period in order to prevent putrefaction of honey-bee.