Studies on the Saponins in the Shoot of Aralia Elata (I) -Separation and Content of the Saponins-

두릅나무 순의 Saponin에 관한 연구 (I) - Saponin 의 분리 및 함량 -

  • Lee, Mahn-Jung (Department of Food Science and Natrition Hyosung Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Hee (Department of Food Science and Natrition Hyosung Women's University)
  • 이만정 (효성여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김영희 (효성여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1990.06.30


We extracted and analysed the saponin fraction in the shoot of Aralia Elata. The results were as follows. 1. Natural samples had higher contents and more kinds of saponin than those grown in the green-house. The contents and the kinds of saponin decreased by steam treatment in both samples while the contents increased with the growth. The number of saponins in the natural raw sample (Nr2) which was at the most suitable stage for use was 37. 2. The saponin pattern of Nr2, with the large Fh saponin was specifically different from those with different harvest time which had large ‘d’ fraction. But all the natural samples which were steam-treated showed similar saponin patterns irrespective of harvest time. The saponin patterns of the green-house grown samples were simpler and showed less change during growing compared with those of the natural ones. All the steamed green-house grown samples showed the similar saponin patterns.